Isaac Scientific Publishing
Environmental Pollution and Protection
EPP > Volume 2, Number 2, June 2017

Microbial Aspects in Wastewater Treatment – A Technical Review

Download PDF  (173.2 KB)PP. 75-84,  Pub. Date:June 26, 2017
DOI: 10.22606/epp.2017.22005

Author(s)
Arezoo Dadrasnia, Mohammed Maikudi Usman, Kang Tzin Lim, Rita Devi Velappan, Nasser Shahsavari, Pravin Vejan, Ahmad Fahim Mahmud, Salmah Ismail
Affiliation(s)
Centre for Research in Waste Management, Institute of Research Management and Monitoring, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Department of Biotechnology, School of Pure and Applied Sciences, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, PMB 2076,Yola, Nigeria 4; Department of Biohealth Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Department of Biohealth Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Hajiabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hajiabad, Hormozgan, Iran; Department of Biohealth Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Department of Biohealth Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Department of Biohealth Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Abstract
Generation of wastewater is just unavoidable but its discharge into the environment is of great concern. Wastewater mainly comprised of any unwanted waste that could pollute our water system including sewage sludge, wastewater from domestic, industrial, dairy, fish canning and oil and gas industry. Since the early 1990s, microbial treatment processes have gained increasing attention due to its facility and high efficiency compared to conventional techniques. This paper focuses on the essential mechanisms involved in different microbial treatment techniques and special attention on the most recent challenges and developments will be highlighted in this review.
Keywords
Biological treatment, bioaugmentation, environmental pollution, wastewater.
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